GlobalData’s latest report, ‘Global LNG Industry Outlook to 2026 – Capacity and Capital Expenditure Outlook with Details of All Operating and Planned Terminals’, indicates that the total liquefaction capacity of the Middle East in 2021 was 101mtpa. The liquefaction capacity in the Middle East increased from 100.8mtpa in 2016 to 101.3mtpa in 2021 at an AAGR of 0.1%. Qatar, Oman, Yemen and United Arab Emirates are the countries in the Middle East with active liquefied natural gas (LNG) liquefaction terminals in 2021.

Ras Laffan III (Qatar), Ras Laffan II (Qatar) and QatarGas I (Qatar) are the major liquefaction terminals of the Middle East. These started operations in 2009, 2004 and 1996, respectively.

In the Middle East, Qatar leads among countries with a liquefaction capacity of 78mtpa in 2021, contributing to 76.5% of the Middle East’s total capacity. Ras Laffan III, Ras Laffan II and Qatargas I are the major active liquefaction terminals in the country.

Qatar liquefaction capacity

Oman ranks second in the Middle East with a total liquefaction capacity of 11mtpa in 2021. Oman’s share in the Middle East’s total liquefaction capacity was 11.2%. Oman and Qalhat are the two active liquefaction terminals in the country.

In 2021, Yemen stands third among the Middle East’s countries with a contribution of 6.6% of the region’s total liquefaction capacity or 7mtpa. Yemen is the only operational terminal in the country.

The United Arab Emirates follows Yemen with a capacity of 6mtpa, contributing to 5.7% of the Middle East’s total liquefaction capacity. Abu Dhabi is the only active liquefaction terminal in the country.