Jack / St Malo Deepwater Oil Project, Gulf of Mexico, United States of America
The Jack / St Malo deepwater project comprises the joint development of the Jack and St Malo oilfields, which are situated in the Gulf of Mexico. The fields are located 40km away from each other.
The Jack field lies in Walker Ridge blocks 758 and 759 at a water depth of 7,000ft. Chevron owns a 50% interest in the field while Maersk and Statoil hold 25% each.
The St Malo field lies in Walker Ridge Block 678 at a water depth of 2,100ft. Chevron is the operator with a 51% interest. Other partners include Petrobras (25%), Statoil (21.50%), ExxonMobil (1.25%) and ENI (1.25%).
The deepwater project was approved by the partners in October 2010. An investment of $7.5bn will be made in the initial development phase of the project. First production was announced in December 2014. The production is expected to be ramped up to 94,000 barrels of crude oil and 21 million cubic feet of natural gas a day in the coming years.
Jack / St Malo oil field discovery
The St Malo field was discovered in October 2003 by a discovery well drilled by Transocean's Discoverer Spirit drillship. The well struck a net oil pay of 1,400ft.
The Jack field was discovered in July 2004 by the exploration well Jack-1. The well was drilled by Transocean's Discoverer Deep Seas drillship to a depth of 29,000ft. It struck 350ft of net oil pay.
Geology and reserves
The Jack and St Malo field reservoirs are located in a geological formation known as the 'lower tertiary' trend. The formation was deposited more than 65m years ago about 20,000ft below the seabed.
It covers an area larger than 300 miles off the Gulf Coast of the US between Texas and Louisiana. The formation is estimated to contain vast resources for long-life projects of up to 30 to 40 years.
The total recoverable resources of the two fields are estimated at over 500m oil-equivalent barrels.
Development of the Jack / St Malo fields
The development of Jack / St Malo fields is being carried out in phases. The initial phase of development involved drilling ten production wells: four at Jack and six at St Malo.
The development also involved drilling 43 subsea wells, which are tied back to a semisubmersible floating production unit.
The second well, Jack-2, was drilled at the Jack field by Transocean's Discoverer Deep Seas drillship in 2005. The Cajun Express semisubmersible was used in 2006 to conduct a production test on the well.
Appraisal drilling commenced at the St Malo field in May 2004. An appraisal well was drilled to a depth of 7,036ft of water in July 2004. The well struck 400ft of net oil pay.
Transocean's Discoverer Clear Leader was used to drill the wells in the initial phase of development, under a five-year contract that was signed in 2009.
Jack / St Malo semi-submersible floating production facility
The fields were developed by a massive floating semi-submersible production facility, which is installed at a depth of 7,000ft. Its topsides weigh 33,000t and the facility has a capacity of 170,000bopd and 42mmscf per day of natural gas making it the biggest of its kind in the Gulf of Mexico.
It acts as a hub for the 43 subsea wells, which are divided into three clusters comprising subsea wells, pumps and other equipment on the seafloor, and are tied back to the facility.
The hull of the production facility was moored, and the topsides and other equipment including piles and tendons were delivered at the offshore location in March 2014. The equipment was carried over Crowley Maritime Corp's Ocean class tugs.
A crude oil export pipeline is installed from the fields to a processing facility owned and operated by Shell in Green Canyon block 19 (GC19).
From GC19, the project partners have the option of transporting the crude oil to various refineries on the Gulf Coast region.
The pipeline is 220km long with a diameter of 24in and reaches a maximum depth of 2,140m. The Chevron Pipeline Company has built and will operate the pipeline for the Amberjack Pipeline Company (APC).
APC is a joint venture between Chevron Pipeline Company and Shell Pipeline Company.
Contracts for the Jack / St Malo fields
In January 2010, Cameron was awarded a $230m contract to supply subsea equipment and engineering and project management services for the fields. The company also provided 12 subsea trees of 15,000psi, manifolds and related connection systems.
In September 2010, Mustang was awarded a contract to carry out a detailed design for the topsides of the production facility. The company had earlier conducted the front end engineering and design (FEED) for the facility in 2009.
Saipem won a contract to transport and install the crude oil export pipeline from the fields in December 2010. The company used its pipelayer vessel Castorone to install the pipeline.
In April 2011, McDermott International was contracted to fabricate and install subsea equipment including umbilical, jumpers and control systems for the project.
KBR won a contract in April 2011 to provide detailed design services for the Jack / St Malo production facility.
The scope of work included design and engineering services for the hull, accommodation facilities, mooring system and other facilities.
In May 2011, Chevron contracted Aker Solutions to supply a subsea umbilical for the project.
In June, the Wood Group was awarded a contract to commission the production facility.