The oil and gas industry continues to be a hotbed of patent innovation. Activity is driven by an increased need for reducing capital and operating expenses, enhancing workforce safety, reducing the carbon footprint, and optimising production. Digital technologies are enabling the oil and gas industry in achieving these objectives. This is characterised by the growing importance of technologies such as artificial intelligence (AI), internet of things (IoT), and robotics in day-to-day tasks. In the last three years alone, there have been over 523,000 patents filed and granted in the oil and gas industry, according to GlobalData’s report on Internet of Things in oil & gas: automated drilling tools. Buy the report here.

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However, not all innovations are equal and nor do they follow a constant upward trend. Instead, their evolution takes the form of an S-shaped curve that reflects their typical lifecycle from early emergence to accelerating adoption, before finally stabilizing and reaching maturity.

Identifying where a particular innovation is on this journey, especially those that are in the emerging and accelerating stages, is essential for understanding their current level of adoption and the likely future trajectory and impact they will have.

60+ innovations will shape the oil & gas industry

According to GlobalData’s Technology Foresights, which plots the S-curve for the oil & gas industry using innovation intensity models built on over 196,000 patents, there are 60+ innovation areas that will shape the future of the industry.

Within the emerging innovation stage, intelligent predictive maintenance, gas pipeline network monitoring, and smart oil & gas wells are disruptive technologies that are in the early stages of application and should be tracked closely. Oil well surveillance, embedded controllers, and FCEV fuel monitoring are some of the accelerating innovation areas, where adoption has been steadily increasing. Among maturing innovation areas are inspection robots, which is now well established in the industry. 

Innovation S-curve for Internet of Things in the oil & gas industry

Automated drilling tools is a key innovation area in Internet of Things

Automated drilling tools are control systems used for carrying out various drilling activities automatically right from well planning and design to downhole tasks. These tools limit human intervention throughout the drilling process, thereby making it safer and efficient. IoT-enabled sensors aid in monitoring drilling performance in real-time, capturing vibrational statistical data, condition of the drill bit, downhole temperatures, and rock characteristics, among others. They also help in enhancing operational efficiency and reducing the overall drilling costs.

GlobalData’s analysis also uncovers the companies at the forefront of each innovation area and assesses the potential reach and impact of their patenting activity across different applications and geographies. According to GlobalData, there are 70+ companies, spanning technology vendors, established oil & gas companies, and up-and-coming start-ups engaged in the development and application of automated drilling tools.

Key players in automated drilling tools – a disruptive innovation in the oil & gas industry

‘Application diversity’ measures the number of applications identified for each patent. It broadly splits companies into either ‘niche’ or ‘diversified’ innovators.

‘Geographic reach’ refers to the number of countries each patent is registered in. It reflects the breadth of geographic application intended, ranging from ‘global’ to ‘local’.

Patent volumes related to automated drilling tools

Company Total patents (2010 - 2022) Premium intelligence on the world's largest companies
Halliburton 696 Unlock Company Profile
Schlumberger 385 Unlock Company Profile
Baker Hughes 138 Unlock Company Profile
Shell 94 Unlock Company Profile
Weatherford International 84 Unlock Company Profile
Helmerich & Payne 75 Unlock Company Profile
Saudi Arabian Oil 60 Unlock Company Profile
Akastor 59 Unlock Company Profile
NOV 48 Unlock Company Profile
Nabors Industries 48 Unlock Company Profile
Epiroc 35 Unlock Company Profile
Sandvik 34 Unlock Company Profile
Atlas Copco 25 Unlock Company Profile
Rio Tinto 20 Unlock Company Profile
Merlin Technology 18 Unlock Company Profile
ConocoPhillips 16 Unlock Company Profile
Tesco 16 Unlock Company Profile
Prad Research And Development 15 Unlock Company Profile
BP 14 Unlock Company Profile
Exxon Mobil 14 Unlock Company Profile
Marathon Oil 13 Unlock Company Profile
Equinor 12 Unlock Company Profile
Baker Hughes 11 Unlock Company Profile
Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara 11 Unlock Company Profile
Pason Systems 11 Unlock Company Profile
Caterpillar 11 Unlock Company Profile
Bauer 10 Unlock Company Profile
Ensign Energy Services 10 Unlock Company Profile
ITI Scotland 10 Unlock Company Profile
Vermeer 9 Unlock Company Profile
APS Technology 8 Unlock Company Profile
AI Driller 7 Unlock Company Profile
Evolution Engineering 7 Unlock Company Profile
General Electric 6 Unlock Company Profile
Tian Di Science & Technology 6 Unlock Company Profile
BAUER Spezialtiefbau 6 Unlock Company Profile
Komatsu 5 Unlock Company Profile
XCMG Construction Machinery 5 Unlock Company Profile
Wwt North America 4 Unlock Company Profile
Harnischfeger Technologies 4 Unlock Company Profile
Ensign Drilling Partnership 4 Unlock Company Profile
Universal Technical Institute 4 Unlock Company Profile
China Railway Group 4 Unlock Company Profile
Wellbore Integrity Solutions 3 Unlock Company Profile
China Petrochemical 3 Unlock Company Profile
Vermeer Manufacturing 3 Unlock Company Profile
S.J.S Enterprises 3 Unlock Company Profile
M-I 3 Unlock Company Profile
Husqvarna 3 Unlock Company Profile

Source: GlobalData Patent Analytics

Halliburton, Schlumberger, and Baker Hughes are the leading companies in automated drilling tools based on their recent patent filings. Other top contributors include Shell, Weatherford International, and Helmerich & Payne.

Halliburton’s automated drilling tools incorporate advanced electronics and sensor technologies with revolutionary algorithms. These aid in obtaining telemetry data to reduce reservoir ambiguity and better identify prospects for drilling, thereby enhancing the accuracy and reliability of drilling operations.

Schlumberger’s automated drilling systems enable operators to control all major functions from a single source and thus enhance the staff coordination, efficiency, and consistency of drilling wells.

Baker Hughes' i-TrakTM drilling automation services lower operational risks and costs associated with well drilling.

Weatherford’s automated pressure drilling system increases safety, efficiency, and productivity of drilling operations.

To further understand the key themes and technologies disrupting the oil & gas industry, access GlobalData’s latest thematic research report on Internet of Things in Oil & Gas.

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GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying data, research, and analysis used to produce this article.

GlobalData’s Patent Analytics tracks patent filings and grants from official offices around the world. Textual analysis and official patent classifications are used to group patents into key thematic areas and link them to specific companies across the world’s largest industries.