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December 20, 2021updated 02 Feb 2022 11:14am

Gas Flaring: Technology Trends

New technologies are being adopted to detect flaring in oil and gas operations.

By GlobalData Thematic Research

Flaring occurs in upstream oil and gas whenever the natural gas component is uneconomical to harvest, and in midstream and downstream when it endangers safety. Various approaches, such as small-scale liquified natural gas (LNG), small-scale gas-to-liquid (GTL) and onsite power generation, are being considered to monetise associated gas in the country.

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he declining cost of IoT hardware makes digitalization an attractive option for energy companies. The oil and gas industry is becoming a more enthusiastic adopter of digital technology as it struggles to cope with several significant trends. These include fluctuating oil prices, expanding sources of supply, and increasing regulatory requirements.  GlobalData’s IoT in Oil & Gas Thematic Research report provides you with an in-depth lens into the impact of IoT on the industry. We highlight both the challenges and opportunities associated with the innovative technology now, and in the future. Our report also covers: 
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According to GlobalData forecasts, global Internet of Things (IoT) revenue in the energy sector will reach $59 billion by 2025, up from $34 billion in 2019. IoT use cases in the sector show how instrumental digitalization is to the O&G sector.   Ensure your company is proactive in adapting strategies and processes to help you remain competitive. Download the full report to get ahead of the competition.  
by GlobalData
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Listed below are the key technology trends impacting the gas flaring theme, as identified by GlobalData.

Small-scale GTL

Small-scale GTL involves production of marketable commodities from natural gas, such as naphtha, diesel, methanol, and waxes, in capacities ranging between few hundreds to a few thousands of barrels per day. The setup uses modular and portable designs of GTL plants, that can be installed easily at an oil production site.

These plants are suitable for remote locations and can be also scaled up due to their modular framework, and are found to be ideal for shale oil production facilities in the US, which are known to flare high volumes of natural gas each year.

Several small-scale GTL technology vendor companies, such as Velocys, CompactGTL, and GasTechno, are active in the US to cater to this niche requirement of shale players and other oil producers in the region.

Small-scale LNG

Small-scale LNG can also be an alternative to curb gas flaring by converting it into a marketable product. A plant with a daily capacity of 100,000 gallons (378.5 cubic metres) can cost about $45 million to set up. These plants are best suited for oilfields that flare a large volume of natural gas and are located in the vicinity of LNG bunkering hubs.

A US-based company, called EdgeLNG, has devised a portable modular small-scale LNG plant that can be set up on the back of a truck. It can produce 10,000 gallons of LNG per day. The truck can be moved to various locations of oil production sites and are operational within an hour of arrival. Such smaller, portable plants can be built can help curb gas flaring in US shale operations.

Satellites and drones to detect flaring

Satellite and drones are being deployed to track flaring as well as methane emissions from oil recovery sites in the US, Norway, Germany, and Russia, among others. The satellites are equipped with sensors, such as Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR), which operate in shortwave and mid-infrared frequency ranges to detect heat signatures. These heat signatures are then analysed using trained algorithms to detect flaring.

Polar satellites, such as Sentinel-3, developed by European Space Agency, have been used to detect flaring. Drones are equipped with infrared sensors to detect gas flaring heat signatures. In some cases, helicopters are used if small drones cannot bear the payload of the sensing equipment.

TransCanada has deployed helicopters with laser spectroscope to measure methane concentrations in the atmosphere. Bluefield, Satelytics, and Bridger Photonics are some of the technology vendors that help in detecting emissions in the atmosphere.

This is an edited extract from the Gas Flaring – Thematic Research report produced by GlobalData Thematic Research.

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Free Report
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Determine the future strategies for IoT in Oil & Gas

he declining cost of IoT hardware makes digitalization an attractive option for energy companies. The oil and gas industry is becoming a more enthusiastic adopter of digital technology as it struggles to cope with several significant trends. These include fluctuating oil prices, expanding sources of supply, and increasing regulatory requirements.  GlobalData’s IoT in Oil & Gas Thematic Research report provides you with an in-depth lens into the impact of IoT on the industry. We highlight both the challenges and opportunities associated with the innovative technology now, and in the future. Our report also covers: 
  • Major players and companies 
  • Market size and growth forecasts 
  • Case studies  
  • Sector scorecard 
According to GlobalData forecasts, global Internet of Things (IoT) revenue in the energy sector will reach $59 billion by 2025, up from $34 billion in 2019. IoT use cases in the sector show how instrumental digitalization is to the O&G sector.   Ensure your company is proactive in adapting strategies and processes to help you remain competitive. Download the full report to get ahead of the competition.  
by GlobalData
Enter your details here to receive your free Report.

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