Eastward gas flows from Germany to Poland via the Yamal-Europe pipeline increased on Friday morning, while Russian flows to northern Europe remained stable, according to transmission system data.

According to operator Gascade, exit flows at the Mallnow metering point on the German border were 4,031,048 kilowatt hour per hour (kWh/h) between 5:00 and 6:00 GMT, up from 3,867,960kWh/h at midnight.

The physical flows via the Nord Stream 1 pipeline from Russia to Germany were stable at 14,423,627 kWh/h.

Russia reduced pipeline flows to 20% of capacity on 27 July, citing maintenance work. Russia blamed turbine issues for the initial shutdown of the crucial gas supply pipeline in their statement.

Germany continues to rely on this critical gas supply to power its industrial sector and to heat German homes throughout the winter months. The country’s ongoing gas shortfall, which has forced it to draw on reserves and shut down parts of its industrial sector, could have serious ramifications for Europe as a whole.

The Yamal-Europe pipeline has a capacity of 33 billion cubic metres or roughly one-sixth of Russian gas shipments to Europe. Since the beginning of this year, gas has started flowing eastward through the pipeline from Germany to Poland. Until then, Russian gas flowed through the west to Europe. 

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Only one of the Nord Stream 1 pipeline’s six primary gas turbines remained operational, Russian gas producer Gazprom said on Thursday, blaming Western sanctions for its refusal to accept a repaired turbine from Germany.

Nominations for Russian gas flows into Slovakia from Ukraine via the Velke Kapusany border point were constant from the previous day, according to data from the Ukrainian system operator.

Gazprom stated that it will continue to export gas to Europe via Ukraine, with the volume on Friday remaining unchanged at 41.9mcm.