TotalEnergies has published a report created by Jean-Christophe Rufin, one of the founders of Doctors without Borders, into the humanitarian situation in Cabo Delgado, Mozambique. The report formulated an action plan for the return to operation of the Mozambique LNG (liquefied natural gas) project in the area.

Rufin’s report assessed the humanitarian situation in the region after insurgent violence had TotalEnergies declare force majeure on the Mozambique LNG project in 2021. Much of the violence was directed at the Afungi port, which the $20bn (€18.59bn) LNG project is based out of.

Rufin was appointed to monitor and report on Cabo Delgado in April 2023 after Mozambique’s President, Filipe Nyusi, declared that TotalEnergies may resume its operations at the LNG project.

TotalEnergies and its partners in the project have unanimously approved an action plan for the resumption of activities at the project. Despite this, no expected date for the resumption of LNG production has been given.

The action plan includes the formation of the Pamoja Tunaweza foundation focused on the “implementation a socio-economic development program” the covers the surrounding Cabo Delgado province beyond the LNG project.

TotalEnergies has also initiated a dialogue with Mozambican authorities to review the relationship between Mozambican Defence Forces and the project itself after a positive evolution of the security situation in the region.

The $200m foundation’s development programme includes resettling and compensation of former residents displaced by the insurgent violence. Almost 1,000 residents were evacuated from the region by TotalEnergies at the outset of the insurgency.

“A follow-up mission to monitor the implementation of this action plan will be carried out by Jean-Christophe Rufin at the request of Mozambique LNG project partners,” TotalEnergies stated in a press release.

Rufin stated in the report that the other partners in the Mozambique LNG project, beyond TotalEnergies, must participate in the development project. TotalEnergies is the sole operator of the project but holds a 26.5% stake.

Other stakeholders of the project are Indian companies NGOC Videsh, Oil India and Bharat Petroleum, Japanese company Mitsui, Thai Company PTTEP and the state of Mozambique.