Rabigh Refining & Petrochemical operates the Rabigh cracking refinery, which is located in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. According to GlobalData, who tracks and profiles more than 1,400 refineries worldwide, it is an integrated cracking owned by Saudi Arabian Oil, Sumitomo Chemical, and others. The refinery started operations in 1989 and has a Nelson Complexity Index (NCI) of 9.7. Buy the profile here.

Key refinery processes

Crude Distillation Unit (mbd): 400
Vacuum Distillation (mbd): 204
Catalytic Cracker (mbd): 92
Hydrotreater (mbd): 184
Alkylation (mbd): 23
Isomerization (mbd): 14

The capacity of the Rabigh refinery is expected to remain the same as 400mbd by 2030.

Maintenance activities at Rabigh cracking refinery

The Rabigh refinery cracking witnessed three incidents during the period 2017-2022.

About Rabigh Refining & Petrochemical

Rabigh Refining & Petrochemical Co (Petro Rabigh) carries out the development, construction and operation of an integrated petroleum refining and petrochemical complex. It processes crude oil and produces gasoline, naphtha, jet fuel, diesel, and fuel oil, and several a range of monomers and polymers. Petro Rabigh was formed as the joint venture of Saudi Aramco and Sumitomo Chemical. The company has the capacity to process light crude oil. The company also produces petrochemicals including mono ethylene glycol, polyethylene, polypropylene, and propylene oxide. Its products are used in numerous end products such as lubricants, detergents, coolants, resins, paints, anti-freeze, insulation, fibers, film, household appliances, plastics, and packaging, among others. Petro Rabigh is headquartered in Rabigh, Saudi Arabia.

For more details on the Rabigh cracking refinery, buy the profile here.


GlobalData, the leading provider of industry intelligence, provided the underlying research used to produce this article.

This information is drawn from GlobalData’s Oil & Gas Intelligence Center, which provides detailed profiles of 34,000+ oil and gas fields, 400,000+ exploration blocks, 1,100+ LNG terminals, 3,400+ gas processing plants, 5,000+ storage terminals, and 8,000+ pipelines, 1,400+ refineries and 13,000+ petrochemical plants worldwide.