Fire in process plants might occur for several reasons. In the past fire has caused huge damage as well as loss of life, economy and resources.
Even in the best-operated process plant there might be small accidents. The difference between a minor event and a disaster is the ability to prevent escalation. It is crucial that process equipment containing flammables or poisoning material will maintain its integrity during a fire. For that reason the process components and pipes have to be designed to resist fire exposure in a time period sufficient to mitigate the event. This can be done by several means.
In this article an overview of the different types of protection for process equipment and pipes is given, showing the effect of each.
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